Keeping your children safe in and out of a vehicle
Maintaining a Child-Friendly Car is concern for most everyone – whether you are a parent or not. One of the ways we can help do that is to make sure that we manage their time both in and around vehicles to prevent injury or even death. While there have been a lot of advances in vehicle technology pertaining to safety (like back-up cameras and various alerts), automobiles and trucks continue to be a common place where children can be hurt or killed. The good news is that there are some viable ways that we can help prevent – if not eliminate – these accidents. We will discuss a few of the major ones here:
Deaths of children younger than 13 in motor vehicle crashes have declined since 1975, but crashes still cause 1 of every 4 unintentional injury deaths. Most crash deaths occur among children traveling as passenger vehicle occupants, and proper restraint use can reduce these fatalities. Restraining children in rear seats instead of front seats reduces fatal injury risk by about three-quarters for children up to age 3, and almost half for children ages 4 to 8.
All 50 states and the District of Columbia have child restraint laws on the books. However, even though more children now ride restrained because of these laws, many children, particularly those 4 and older, still ride unrestrained. Eighteen states have laws requiring children to sit in the rear, but there is considerable variation among the laws based on the child’s age, height, weight and whether the vehicle has frontal airbags. The District of Columbia and all states except Oklahoma require all child occupants younger than 13, including those sitting in the rear, to be restrained.
There can be no debate that proper restraint use can reduce crash deaths and injuries even more. Appropriate child safety seats provide significantly more protection in a crash than safety belts alone.
Types of Car Seats by Age
- Rear Facing
- Forward Facing
Choose the right restraint for your child’s age and size, and always seat kids in the rear
- All infants and toddlers should ride rear-facing until they reach the height or weight limit of their child restraints, which may not be until age 2 or older.
- Once they outgrow rear-facing restraints, children should ride in a harness-equipped forward-facing child restraint until they reach the height or weight limit of the child restraint. Top tethers should be used whenever a child restraint is installed forward-facing.
- When children outgrow child restraints, they should use belt-positioning booster seats until adult safety belts fit properly.
Ways to have a Child-Friendly Car
- Get car seats
- Strap the safety belt
- Avoid eating
- Check the back seats for occupants
- Observe good vehicle etiquette
- Keep the doors locked
- Have child locks
- Observe seating arrangements
- Ensure safety while children sleep
- Keep a clean car
Unfortunately, the number of pediatric vehicular heatstroke deaths are increasing rather than decreasing. While the average number of child heatstroke deaths have averaged 38 for the last 10 years, 51 children died in 2018. What can you do to make sure this unbelievable tragedy doesn’t happen to your loved one or someone you know? Here are some common-sense solutions that you can pass on to your friends and family:
- NEVER LEAVE A CHILD UNATTENDED IN A VEHICLE. NOT EVEN FOR A MINUTE!
- IF YOU SEE A CHILD UNATTENDED IN A VEHICLE CALL 9-1-1.
- Be sure that all occupants leave the vehicle when unloading. Don’t overlook sleeping babies.
- Always lock your car and ensure children do not have access to keys or remote entry devices. Teach children that vehicles are never to be used as a play area.
- IF A CHILD IS MISSING, ALWAYS CHECK THE POOL FIRST, AND THEN THE CAR, INCLUDING THE TRUNK.
- Keep a stuffed animal in the car seat and when the child is put in the seat place the animal in the front with the driver. Or place your purse, briefcase or cell phone in the back seat as a reminder that you have your child in the car.
- Make “look before you leave” a routine whenever you get out of the car.
- Have a plan that your childcare provider will call you if your child does not show up for school.
Back over Accidents
Around 2,400 kids each year – or approximately 50 children each week – are injured after being struck or run over by a car that is backing out from a driveway. Of these, around 2 kids will die each and every week from their injuries. All told, back over accidents account for around 42% of all non-traffic related auto fatalities involving children each year. Front-over’s account for another 22%. Most of the time it’s a relative behind the wheel – often a parent – who runs the child over.
How driveway accidents happen
These accidents occur from a lapse in supervision as someone is either leaving or coming home from a trip. A child is lost track of for just a moment and ends up either in front of or in back of the car without the driver noticing. A child may slip out the door without being seen, and so the person leaving assumes the child is still safely inside. Or a child may break away and run after the parent who is leaving, either because they want to tell them something, need a last minute hug or kiss, or otherwise feel they need their parent. Occasionally they occur because a child is playing/hiding underneath a car.
What you can do to avoid driveway accidents
- Always do a walk-around of the vehicle before you get in to drive away, looking not just around the tires and underneath the car but also in the general vicinity in each direction for any kids that may be nearby (yours or someone else’s). If there are, make sure you keep a visual on them your entire time backing out. Stop immediately if you lose sight of one. Get in the habit of doing this not just around your home, but every time you back out. Kids are everywhere, after all, and you don’t want to be one of those people who accidentally hits a child in the parking lot.
- Understand that ALL vehicles have blind zones, and get to know where they are on your vehicle. Every car has areas in the front and back that can’t be seen from the driver’s seat. Blind zones in the front of the car can extend 6 to 8 feet long and be as wide as the car. Blind zones in the back can be even longer – seven to eight feet wide and as much as 20 to 40 feet long. The higher off the ground the driver sits and the bigger the car, the larger the vehicles blind zones.
- Never back out in a hurry. It doesn’t matter how rushed or how late to work you are, that 10-20 seconds you might save in your rush to back out is not going to make an appreciable difference.
- Be sure to keep your driveway / yard clear of toys, balls, sports equipment, or other debris that could tempt a child to dart behind your car.
- Hold toddlers and young preschoolers when someone is backing out so they aren’t tempted to run away or wiggle from your grasp.
- As soon as your kids can walk and talk, explain to them how important it is to never try and run· after mommy or run / play behind a car. If they need to get an adult’s attention, they can jump up and down or wave their arms while shouting, but don’t run after the car.